Happy Independent Day.
Every 1st of October is the national day of Nigeria. Today, the celebration will be low key. We have every reason to be hopeful in spite of what we have endured in the recent times.
Within this 55years, Nigeria has had a gruelling civil war. There had also been exchange of governments between Military and the Civilian.
>> Sir James Robertson(1899-1983) was the first Governor General of Nigeria. He ruled for 46 days. That is from October 1st 1960 to November 16th, 1960. Tafawa Balewa was the first Prime minister. He was the prime minister till 1966 when Nnamdi Azikiwe was deposed
>> Nnamdi Azikiwe (1904- 1996) became the first Nigerian President. From November 16, 1960 to October 1st, 1963, then from 1963 to January 16th, 1966 when he was deposed.
>>The Military men took over the rein of power. Major Gen. Kaduna Chukwuma Ezeogwu led the coup that toppled the government of Azikiwe.
>>Major General Johnson Aguiyi Ironsi (1924-1966) took power from January 16, 1966 to July 12,1966 just 177 days in office, he was gruesomely assassinated..
>>General Yakubu Gowon (1934–). 1 August 1966 to 29 July 1975. ( deposed. )
8 years, 362 days.
>>. General Murtala Mohammed. (1938–1976) 29 July 1975 to 13 February 1976. ( assassinated. )
>>. Major-General Olusegun Obasanjo. (1937–). 16 January 1976 to1 October 1979 ( resigned. )
3 years, 258 days. The era of General Obasanjo marks the end of first Republic.
#The 1979 constitution made the President both the Head of state and government.
Second republic started in 1979 and ended abruptly in 1983
>>. Shehu Shagari (1925–). 1 October 1979 to 31 December 1983. ( deposed. )
4 years, 91 days.
# Military rule (1983–1993)
Major-General Muhammadu Buhari led a coup d’état which overthrew then-President Shagari and his government.
>> Major-General Muhammadu Buhari (1942–). 31 December 1983 to 27 August 1985 ( deposed. )
1 year, 239 days.
>> General Ibrahim Babangida (1941–). 27 August 1985 to 26 August 1993 ( resigned. )
7 years, 364 days
#Third Republic (1993)
The Third Republic was the planned republican government of Nigeria in 1993 which was to be governed by the Third Republican constitution.
>> Ernest Shonekan (1936–). 26 August 1993 to 17 November 1993 ( deposed. )
#Military rule (1993–1999)
General Sani Abacha led a coup d’état which overthrown President Shonekan and his government.
>> General Sani Abacha (1943–1998). 17 November 1993 to 8 June 1998 ( died in office. )
4 years, 203 days
>> General Abdulsalami Abubakar (1942–). 8 June 1998 to 29 May 1999 ( resigned. )
#Fourth Nigerian Republic
Under the fourth Constitution of the Republic of Nigeria, the President is head of both state and government. The President is elected by for a four-year term. In the event of a vacancy the Vice President serves as Acting President.
>> Olusegun Obasanjo (1937–). 29 May 1999 to 29 May 2007.
8 years, 0 days
>> Umaru Musa Yar’Adua (1951–2010). 29 May 2007 to 5 May 2010 ( died in office. )
2 years, 341 days
>> Goodluck Jonathan (1957–). 5 May 2010 to 29 May 2015
5 years, 25 days
£££ Muhammadu Buhari (1942–) 29 May 2015. Incumbent.
124 days. (as of 30 September 2015)
President Muhammad Buhari is currently the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. He is from the All Progressive Party APC. He was the first president beat an incumbent in a free and fair elections. He is an anti corruption crusader. Nigeria has witnessed significant progress in the area of Electricity and Fuel distribution during his 124 days in office.
We can only pray and hope that the coming years will ursher us into our place in destiny even as we battle the demons of Boko Haram. It can only get better. Happy celebration Nigeria.